The purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework stimulating a sustainable energy transition in developing nations. Based on the existing literature, we first index theoretical factors preventing deployment of low carbon technologies. After having identified these factors, we provide energy governance structures and policy options strengthening the diffusion of low carbon technologies in developing nations. We argue that stimulating an adoption of renewable technologies in developing nations requires a combination of actions overlapping technological, market and institutional components.
Moreover, to generate a sustainable energy system paradigm, energy policy makers in developing nations should embed a promotion of renewable technologies in their national energy policy agendas. This paper also seeks to lay down foundations through which the objective of promoting deployment of low carbon technologies in developing nations could be achieved.
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