In recent times the National Development Planning Commission’s (NDPC) articulated its vision for Ghana in 2015 is “a modern economy based on the development of science and technology.” To achieve this vision, Ghana will need a modern, efficient framework for promoting science, technology and innovation (STI) and for managing the country’s STI policies, programs, and institutions. Ghana’s STI framework should reflect international best practice lessons of experience, but these should be modified for implementation in Ghana.
From independence onward, Ghana’s leaders have recognized that STI should play a central role in modernizing Ghana’s economy, improving living conditions, and solving social problems. This recognition spawned several previous efforts to modernize the STI system and ensure that Ghana’s research institutes and universities live up to their promise of serving as an effective instrument for Ghana’s growth and development.
STI has been highlighted in almost every recent Government vision and planning document, including Vision 2020, the subsequent Vision 2015, the National Science and Technology Policy of 2000, and the current GPRS II. The Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper I (1996 – 2005) has a section on science and technology.
Further, the Ghana’s Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II, 2006-2009) also makes reference to the importance of Ghana’s national development. The GRPS II makes it clear that science, technology, and innovation are to be key elements of Ghana’s development strategy.
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