Publication year: 2012
Source:World Development, Volume 40, Issue 10
Abigail Barr, Marleen Dekker, Marcel Fafchamps
Assorting on gender is casually observed in developing countries and is now systematically built into many group-oriented development interventions. In this paper we explore the mechanisms underlying the emergent gender assorting, using an experiment in which African villagers could form groups to share risk. We exogenously varied the extent to which grouping arrangements were enforced and, hence, the importance of trust and social enforcement as supports for group formation. Gender assorting was significant and considerable when grouping was perfectly enforced or depended on social enforcement. There was significantly less gender assorting when grouping depended on trust. Exploratory analysis suggests that this reduction in gender assorting may be owing to family ties and co-memberships in gender-mixed religions.
|Power, Gender and Social Change in Africa (Cornell Institute for African Development) :: Amazon Gender plays a hugely significant and too often under-considered role in predicting how accessible resources such as education, wage-based e|
|Gender Inequality in Africa's Labor Market (Africa Development Forum) :: Amazon Gender inequality in the labor market remains a pressing problem of contemporary Africa. Notwithstanding the existence of large variations a|
|Gender, Livelihoods and Migration in Africa :: Amazon This book presents an in-depth discussion within diverse contexts and a range of conceptual and methodological offerings, which interrogate|